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Nitrogen use efficiency and yield in response graft bell pepper cultivars

Mónica Liliana Garcia-Bañuelos, Esteban Sanchez, Alfonso Antero Gardea-Béjar, Ezequiel Muñoz-Marquez, Juan Manuel Soto-Parra, Damaris Leopoldina Ojeda-Barrios.

Abstract
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the performance of nitrogen (N) efficient use by ‘Fascinato’ (F), ‘Jannette’ (J), ‘Orangela’ (O), and ‘Sweet’ (S) cultivars grafted onto ‘Terrano’ (T) and ‘Robusto’ (R) rootstocks. Such evaluation was achieved by analyses of physiological and biochemical variables involved in N metabolism between grafted and ungrafted plants. Our findings point out that grafted ‘Fascinato’ cultivar (F/T) registered greatest relative leaf chlorophyll content, total chlorophyll concentration, a higher NR activity than did graft ‘Janette’ cultivar (J/T). In addition, these results reveal high significance with the interaction variety*date for these variables (relative leaf Chl, total Chl and NR activity), during the months of fruit yield of grafted bell pepper cultivars. This situation suggest than the effect of grafting under the increased of crop yield depend on the type of variety, as resulted with grafted ‘Fascinato’ cultivar.

Key words: Capsicum annuum, graft, greenhouse, nitrogen pathway, rootstocks.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Garcia-Bañuelos ML, Sanchez E, Gardea-Béjar AA, Muñoz-Marquez E, Soto-Parra JM, Ojeda-Barrios DL. Nitrogen use efficiency and yield in response graft bell pepper cultivars. Emir. J. Food Agric. 2017; 29(6): 420-428. doi:10.9755/ejfa.2016-09-1182



Web Style

Garcia-Bañuelos ML, Sanchez E, Gardea-Béjar AA, Muñoz-Marquez E, Soto-Parra JM, Ojeda-Barrios DL. Nitrogen use efficiency and yield in response graft bell pepper cultivars. www.scopemed.org/?mno=241987 [Access: August 17, 2017]. doi:10.9755/ejfa.2016-09-1182



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Garcia-Bañuelos ML, Sanchez E, Gardea-Béjar AA, Muñoz-Marquez E, Soto-Parra JM, Ojeda-Barrios DL. Nitrogen use efficiency and yield in response graft bell pepper cultivars. Emir. J. Food Agric. 2017; 29(6): 420-428. doi:10.9755/ejfa.2016-09-1182



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Garcia-Bañuelos ML, Sanchez E, Gardea-Béjar AA, Muñoz-Marquez E, Soto-Parra JM, Ojeda-Barrios DL. Nitrogen use efficiency and yield in response graft bell pepper cultivars. Emir. J. Food Agric. (2017), [cited August 17, 2017]; 29(6): 420-428. doi:10.9755/ejfa.2016-09-1182



Harvard Style

Garcia-Bañuelos, M. L., Sanchez, E., Gardea-Béjar, A. A., Muñoz-Marquez, E., Soto-Parra, J. M. & Ojeda-Barrios, D. L. (2017) Nitrogen use efficiency and yield in response graft bell pepper cultivars. Emir. J. Food Agric, 29 (6), 420-428. doi:10.9755/ejfa.2016-09-1182



Turabian Style

Garcia-Bañuelos, Mónica Liliana, Esteban Sanchez, Alfonso Antero Gardea-Béjar, Ezequiel Muñoz-Marquez, Juan Manuel Soto-Parra, and Damaris Leopoldina Ojeda-Barrios. 2017. Nitrogen use efficiency and yield in response graft bell pepper cultivars. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 29 (6), 420-428. doi:10.9755/ejfa.2016-09-1182



Chicago Style

Garcia-Bañuelos, Mónica Liliana, Esteban Sanchez, Alfonso Antero Gardea-Béjar, Ezequiel Muñoz-Marquez, Juan Manuel Soto-Parra, and Damaris Leopoldina Ojeda-Barrios. "Nitrogen use efficiency and yield in response graft bell pepper cultivars." Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture 29 (2017), 420-428. doi:10.9755/ejfa.2016-09-1182



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Garcia-Bañuelos, Mónica Liliana, Esteban Sanchez, Alfonso Antero Gardea-Béjar, Ezequiel Muñoz-Marquez, Juan Manuel Soto-Parra, and Damaris Leopoldina Ojeda-Barrios. "Nitrogen use efficiency and yield in response graft bell pepper cultivars." Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture 29.6 (2017), 420-428. Print. doi:10.9755/ejfa.2016-09-1182



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Garcia-Bañuelos, M. L., Sanchez, E., Gardea-Béjar, A. A., Muñoz-Marquez, E., Soto-Parra, J. M. & Ojeda-Barrios, D. L. (2017) Nitrogen use efficiency and yield in response graft bell pepper cultivars. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 29 (6), 420-428. doi:10.9755/ejfa.2016-09-1182




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