PVA NANOCOMPOSITES REINFORCED WITH CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS FROM OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES (OPEFBS)

  • Farah Fahma Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia
  • Naruhito Hori Department of Biomaterial Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • Tadahisa Iwata Department of Biomaterial Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • Akio Takemura Department of Biomaterial Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of sonication time on the morphology and properties of PVA cellulose nanocomposite. PVA nanocomposite films were prepared by reinforcement of cellulose nanofibers into a PVA matrix with different sonication time. Two series of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) films with and without cellulose nanofibers were prepared by varying the sonication time. The effect of sonication time on the morphology and properties of the films were investigated by SEM, FTIR and Raman spectroscopy, TGA, and tensile test. The results showed that the mechanical property of the nanocomposite films increased with increasing sonication time until 9 min.

Keywords: Sonication time, PVA;, Nanofibers;, Nanocomposite
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How to Cite
Fahma, F., N. Hori, T. Iwata, and A. Takemura. “PVA NANOCOMPOSITES REINFORCED WITH CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS FROM OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCHES (OPEFBS)”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 29, no. 5, Nov. 2017, pp. 323-9, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2016-02-215. Accessed 21 Mar. 2019.
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Regular Articles