A brief review of physiological roles, plant resources, synthesis, purification and oxidative stability of Alpha-linolenic Acid

  • Yuhan Tang, Yao Jiang
  • Jiasong Meng, Jun Tao Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology, College of Horticulture and Plant Protection, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, PR China

Abstract

Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) comprising of 18 carbon atoms and three double bonds. Because the first double bond counted from the methyl terminus, is at position three, ALA belongs to the so-called n-3 group. Derived mainly from natural plants such as Linum usitatissimum and Perilla frutescens, it is an essential fatty acid for the human body. ALA is essential for the regulation of blood lipid, blood pressure and blood sugar, for the prevention of diseases and for the protection of retina and brain. It is the precursor of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which are crucial for human health. This review summarizes the current knowledge on physiological roles, plant resources, and synthesis, purification and oxidative stability of ALA, providing the scientific basis for its sustainable development and utilization towards human health.

Keywords: Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA); Physiological roles; Plant resources; Purification; Oxidative stability
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How to Cite
Yao Jiang, Y. T., and J. M. Jun Tao. “A Brief Review of Physiological Roles, Plant Resources, Synthesis, Purification and Oxidative Stability of Alpha-Linolenic Acid”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 30, no. 5, May 2018, pp. 341-56, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2018.v30.i5.1676. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.
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Review Article