Estimation of genetic parameters and prediction of genotypic values in common beans using mixed models#
In the international scenario of agriculture, Brazil stands out as the main producer and consumer of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) The increase in the productive potential of the crop is mainly due to breeding programs. The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters, predict genotypic values with REML/BLUP (Restricted Maximum Likelihood/Best Linear Unbiased Prediction) and, based on these values, study the variability in common bean cultivars with carioca and black grain. Twenty three agromorphological descriptors were evaluated, among them grain yield. Deviance analysis detected significant differences between the cultivars in both groups. Selective accuracy (Ac) was considered high for most of the traits. Broad-sense heritability ( ) ranged from 0.05 to 0.72, but it was low for the trait yield (YLD). In the carioca grain group, the values for the traits related to plant morphology were higher than in the black group. Nevertheless, the values in the black group were higher in relation to the pod and seed traits. The correlations for YLD were moderate but different in the two commercial groups studied. In the black group, variables related to the seed morphology were correlated with grain yield, and in the carioca group, traits related to seed quantity. Based on the groupings, variability among the cultivars was observed. Three distinct clusters were formed for the carioca group and four for the black group. Based on the predicted genetic values, genetic variability and the most adapted and stable cultivars were detected among the cultivars in the studied environments.
#This article has been posted in Preprints with a doi 10.20944/preprints201803.0215.v1 (https://www.preprints.org/manuscript/201803.0215/v1) (Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license)
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