Use of agricultural waste material as an alternative substrate in cabbage seedling production and development

  • Paola Alfonsa Vieira Lo Monaco Instituto Federal de Ciência Educação e Tecnologia do Espírito Santo – Campus Santa Teresa, Brasil
  • Josean de Castro Vieira Instituto Federal de Ciência Educação e Tecnologia do Espírito Santo – Campus Alegre, Brasil
  • João Nacir Colombo Instituto Federal de Ciência Educação e Tecnologia do Espírito Santo – Campus Santa Teresa, Brasil
  • Marcelo Rodrigo Krause Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Brasil
  • Gustavo Haddad Souza Vieira Instituto Federal de Ciência Educação e Tecnologia do Espírito Santo – Campus Santa Teresa, Brasil
  • Karoline Matiello Almeida Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Brasil

Abstract

Considering the need to reduce costs in the production of seedlings, the use of agricultural wastes becomes essential. The objective of this study was to evaluate a substrate composed of agricultural residues replacing the commercial substrate. The experiment was carried out in two phases. For the first phase, seedling production, we used a completely randomized design with six treatments and eight replications, using commercial substrate (Bioplant®) and five treatments with increasing proportions of moinha/descending proportions of rice husk (0/40; 10/30; 20/20; 30/10 and 40/0%), and fixed proportions of coconut fiber (15%) and pine bark (45%). We evaluated plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves, root and shoot dry masses, and Dickson quality index at 33 days after sowing. In the second experiment, cabbage development under field conditions, the treatments were maintained with four replications, using the randomized block design. We evaluated cycle length, compactness, head and stem diameter, number of basal external leaves, mass of fresh matter of the head, and commercial yield. We recommend a substrate composed of 40% moinha, 15% coconut fiber, and 45% pine bark in the production of cabbage seedlings, replacing the commercial substrate.

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How to Cite
Monaco, P. A. V. L., J. de C. Vieira, J. N. Colombo, M. R. Krause, G. H. Souza Vieira, and K. M. Almeida. “Use of Agricultural Waste Material As an Alternative Substrate in Cabbage Seedling Production and Development”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 32, no. 2, Mar. 2020, pp. 131-9, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2020.v32.i2.2071. Accessed 7 June 2020.
Section
Research Article