Corn yield in sandy soil fertilized with poultry litter

  • Juliana da Silva Barros Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brazil
  • João Carlos Medeiros Soil Science, Universidade Federal do Piauí, Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil
  • Jaqueline Dalla Rosa Soil and Plant Nutrition, Universidade Federal do Piauí, Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil
  • Julian Junio de Jesus Lacerda, Daiane Conceição de Sousa Soil and Plant Nutrition, Universidade Federal do Piauí, Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil
  • Maria Sueli Heberle Mafra Health and Environment, Universidade do Planalto Catarinense, Lages, SC, Brazil

Abstract

The use of animal waste is an alternative to provide nutrients and increase organic matter content in sandy soils. The poultry litter is one of the most nutrient-rich residues. The objective of this study was assess the effect of poultry litter as organic fertilizer on productivity of corn and chemical properties of a sandy soil. The experiment was conducted at the experimental farm of the Federal University of Piauí, in the municipality of Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil. The treatments were poultry litter levels: 0 (control), 2, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 24 t ha-1. We evaluated the effect of poultry litter on the soil chemical properties, plant growth and productivity of corn. We also evaluated the correlation between variables of the plant and soil chemical properties. The maximum productivity was obtained with the highest level poultry litter (24 t ha-1). Calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, pH, and soil organic matter increased due to the increase of poultry litter levels. The soil chemical properties have positive relationship with stem diameter and productivity of corn. The poultry litter is an organic fertilizer with potential of increase the productivity of the corn and meliorate the fertility of sandy soils.

Keywords: Organic fertilizer; Animal waste; Soil fertility
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How to Cite
Barros, J. da S., J. C. Medeiros, J. D. Rosa, J. J. de J. L. D. Conceição de Sousa, and M. S. H. Mafra. “Corn Yield in Sandy Soil Fertilized With Poultry Litter”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 29, no. 12, Jan. 2018, pp. 921-6, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2017.v29.i12.1562. Accessed 25 June 2021.
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Regular Articles