Effect of orange pulp fermented in solid substrate with Saccharomyces cerevisiae in diets, on productive behavior of confined lambs

  • Nadia Alejandra Sánchez Guerra Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas. Carretera Mante km 5 Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, C.P. 87000, México.
  • Miguel Ángel Domínguez Muñoz Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas. Carretera Mante km 5 Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, C.P. 87000, México.
  • Miguel Ruíz Albarrán Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas. Carretera Mante km 5 Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, C.P. 87000, México.
  • Rigoberto López Zavala Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas. Carretera Mante km 5 Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, C.P. 87000, México.
  • Fidel Infante Rodríguez Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas. Carretera Mante km 5 Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, C.P. 87000, México.
  • Luis Manuel Pérez Quilantán Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas. Carretera Mante km 5 Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, C.P. 87000, México.
  • Jaime Salinas Chavira Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas. Carretera Mante km 5 Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, C.P. 87000, México.


The effect on growth performance of diets containing orange pulp fermented in solid substrate with the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) was evaluated in feedlot lambs. Fifteen non-castrated male lambs (Pelibuey x Dorper) with an initial weight of 22 ± 4 kg were distributed in individual pens in a completely randomized design. The feeding trial lasted 60 days. Treatments were: treatment 1 (T1), 50% commercial feed plus 50% wet basis (WB) of orange pulp fermented with yeast; treatment 2 (T2), 50% commercial feed plus 50% (WB) fresh orange pulp without yeast; and treatment 3 (T3) 100% commercial feed as a total mixed ration. The variables of the study were: average daily weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, area of Longissimus dorsi and back fat thickness, the latter two measured at the end of the test using ultrasound. Daily weight gain was significantly lower (P<0.05) in lambs of T2 compared with those of T1 and T3 which had similar (P>0.05) weight gain; average daily gain (ADG) for T1, T2 and T3 was 0.270±0.027, 0.200±0.035 and 0.273±0.038 kg/d, respectively. Feed conversion ratio (feed consumed/weight gain) of lambs in T2 presented worth value (P <0.05) than those of T1 and T3. There was no difference in Longissimus dorsi area or back-fat thickness (P>0.05). In conclusion, substituting orange pulp fermented in solid state with S. cerevisiae for 50% of a commercial diet resulted in similar productive behavior of confined sheep, whereas substitution with non-fermented orange pulp may reduce growth performance of lambs.


AOAC.,1996. Official Methods of Analysis, 16th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA.
Araújo, L. F., F. L. Silva, E. A. Brito, S. Oliveira-Júnior and E. S. Santos. 2008. Protein enrichment of cactus pear with Saccharomyces cerevisiae for ruminants feeding. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. 60: 401-407.
Butolo, J. E. 1996. Uso da biomassa de leveduraemalimentação animal: Propriedades, custo relativo e outras formas de nutrientes. ITAL. Instituto Tecnológico de Alimentos. Produção de biomassa de levedura: Utilizaçãoemalimentação animal, Campinas, São Paulo. 1: 70-89.
Chacón, A. 2004. Actual prospects of single cell protein (SCP) in agriculture and industry. Agron. Mesoam. 15: 93-106.
Chaucheyras-Durand, F., A. Ameilbonne, A. Bichat, P. Mosoni, F. Ossa and E. Forano. 2015. Live yeasts enhance fibre degradation in the cow rumen through an increase in plant substrate colonization by fibrolytic bacteria and fungi. J. Appl. Microbiol. 120: 560-570.
Chavan, P., A. K. Singh and G. Kaur. 2018. Recent progress in the utilization of industrial waste and by-products of citrus fruits: a review. J. Food Process Eng. 41:e12895.
Chen, Y., T. J. Barzee, R. Zhang and Z. Pan. 2019. Citrus. Integrated processing technologies for food and agricultural by-products. Elsevier, Cambridge pp 217–242.
Cömert, M., Y. Şayan, H. Özelçam and G.Y. Baykal, 2015. Effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation and anhydrous ammonia treatment of wheat straw on in-situ degradability and, rumen fermentation and growth performance of yearling lambs. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 28: 639-646.
Correia, R., M. Magalhaes and G. Macedo. 2007. Protein enrichment of pineapple waste with Saccharomyces cerevisiae by solid state bioprocessing. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 66: 259-262.
Cypriano, D. Z., L. L. da Silva and L. Tasic. 2018. High value-added products from the orange juice industry waste. Waste Manage. 79: 71-78.
Dadvar, P., O. Dayani, M. Mehdipour and M. Morovat. 2015. Determination of physical characteristics, chemical composition and digestion coefficients of treated lemon pulp with Saccharomyces cerevisiae in goat diet. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 99: 107-113.
de Evan, T., A. Cabezas, J. de la Fuente and M. D. Carro. 2020. Feeding agroindustrial byproducts to light lambs: influence on growth performance, diet digestibility, nitrogen balance, ruminal fermentation, and plasma metabolites. Animals. 10: 600.
Díaz, B. H. C., A. J. Aparicio, J. J. Chanona-Perez, G. Calderon-Dominguez, L. Alamilla-Beltran, H. Hernandez-Sanchez and G. F. Gutierrez-Lopez. 2010. Morphological characterization of the growing front of Rhizopus oligosporus in solid media. J. Food Eng. 101: 309-317.
Dúran, N. 1989. Bioconversion to single cell protein: Recovery of ligocelusic materials' to produce human food as integrated process. Aliments. 14: 39-50.
Fátima-Araújo, L., M. V. Carneiro-Dias, E. Alves-Brito and S. Oliveira-Júnior. 2009. Protein enrichment of food yeast in semi-solid fermentation: an alternative for animal feeding. Rev. Tecnol. Ciên. Agropec. 3: 47-53.
Giraldo, M. V. and P. L. López. 2008. Unicellular protein production from agro-Industrial wastes. Revista Virtual pro. 82: 1-18.
Gloria, T. A., O. Hernández-Mendo, R. Pinto-Ruiz, D. Hernández-Sánchez, M. M. Crosby-Galván, E. Meraz-Romero, and E. Ramírez-Bribiesca, 2014. Animal performance and fatty acids levels in lambs carcass supplemented with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Ecosistemas y Recursos Agropecuarios. 1: 87-96.
Haddad, S. G. and S. N. Goussous. 2005. Effect of yeast culture supplementation on nutrient intake, digestibility and growth performance of Awassi lambs. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 118: 343-348.
INEGI (2006) Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Sistema para la consulta del anuario estadístico del estado de Tamauilipas.
Jia, P., K. Cui, T. Ma, F. Wan, W. Wang, D. Yang and Q. Diao. 2018. Influence of dietary supplementation with Bacillus licheniformis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae as alternatives to monensin on growth performance, antioxidant, immunity, ruminal fermentation and microbial diversity of fattening lambs. Sci. Rep. 8: 16712.
Joshi, V. K. and D. K., Sandhu. 1996. Preparation and evaluation of an animal feed by product by solid state fermentation of apple pomace. Bioresour. Technol. 56: 251-255.
Raimbault, M. 1998. General and microbiological aspects of solid substrate fermentation. Electron. J. Biotechn. 1: 1-15.
Maxwell, O. I., U. B. Chinwuba and M. G. Onyebuchukwu. 2019. Protein enrichment of potato peels using saccharomyces cerevisiae via solid-state fermentation process. Adv. Chem. Engineer. Sci. 9: 99-108.
Miranda-Yuquilema, J. E., A. Marin-Cárdenas, A. Valle-Cepeda, M. Barros-Rodríguez, L. I. Marrero-Suárez, L. Hidalgo-Almeida, V. Rivera-Guerra. 2018. Wastes of agroindustry an alternative to develop biopreparates with probiotic capacity. Trop. Subtrop. Agroecosyst. 21: 46-52.
Morovat, M., O. Dayani, Z. Nasibpour, A. Maddahian, M. R. Mohamadrezakhani. 2014. Effect of processed lemon pulp with Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast on protein and energy metabolism in Raini goats. Int. J. Adv. Res. Biol. Sci. 2: 2031-2037.
Ritala, A., S. T. Häkkinen, M. Toivari and M. G. Wiebe. 2017. Single cell protein—state-of-the-art, industrial landscape and patents 2001–2016. Front. Microbio. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.02009
Ruiz–Pereyra, A.E. 2014. Evaluation of productive trait and meat quality of Hampshire-Suffolk lambs with a supplemented microbial additive in the diet. Master Science Thesis. Colegio de postgraduados, Campus Montecillo, Texcoco, Edo. De México
Ruiz-Barrera, O., J. López-Morones, J. Salinas-Chavira and Y. Castillo-Castillo. 2020. Effect of Candida norvegensis on ruminal degradation of corn stover and on growth performance of lambs. CienciaUAT. 14: 133-145.
Sales, J. 2011. Effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation on ruminal parameters, nutrient digestibility and growth in sheep: A meta–analysis. Small Ruminant Res. 100: 19-29.
Sayed, H. A., 2018. Effect of processing orange pulp with Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast on growth performance, nutrients digestibility and blood parameters of Barki lambs. Egypt. J. Sheep Goats Sci. 13: 1-14.
Scerra, M., F. Foti, P. Caparra, C. Cilione, L. Violi, G. Fiammingo, G. D’Agui’ and L. Chies. 2018. Effects of feeding fresh bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso) pulp at up to 35% of dietary dry matter on growth performance and meat quality from lambs. Small Ruminant Res. 169: 160–166.
Sharma, K., N. Mahato, M. H. Cho and Y. R. Lee. 2017. Converting citrus wastes into value-added products: Economic and environmentally friendly approaches. Nutrition. 34: 29-46.
Shurson, G. C. 2018. Yeast and yeast derivatives in feed additives and ingredients: Sources, characteristics, animal responses, and quantification methods. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 235: 60-76.
Silva, S. R., M. J. Gomes, A. Silva, L. F. Gil and J. M. Azcevedo. 20015. Estimation in vivo of the body and carcass chemical composition of growing lambs by real time ultrasonography. J. Anim. Sci. 83: 350-357.
Steel, R. G. D. and J. H. Torrie. 1988. Bioestadística, Principios y Procedimientos (Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Aproach). McGraw-Hill/Interamericana de México pp 167
Titi, H. H., R. O. Dmour and A.Y. Abdullah. 2008. Growth performance and carcass characteristics of Awassi Lambs and Shami goat kids fed yeast culture in their finishing diet. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech.142: 33-43.
Yang, S. S. 1988. Protein enrichment of sweet potato residue with amylolitic yeasts by solid-state fermentation. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 32: 886-890.
172 Views | 127 Downloads
How to Cite
Guerra, N. A. S., M. Ángel D. Muñoz, M. R. Albarrán, R. L. Zavala, F. I. Rodríguez, L. M. P. Quilantán, and J. S. Chavira. “Effect of Orange Pulp Fermented in Solid Substrate With Saccharomyces Cerevisiae in Diets, on Productive Behavior of Confined Lambs”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 33, no. 4, May 2021, pp. 314-9, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2021.v33.i4.2680. Accessed 22 Sept. 2021.
Research Article