The Effect of Different Planting Times on Yield and Quality Features in Some Mint Species (Mentha longifolia, Mentha x piperita, Mentha spicata)
This study, which was carried out to determine the effect of planting times (April 15th, May 1st, May 15th) on agricultural properties in the species of Mentha longifolia, Mentha x piperita and Mentha spicata, was conducted in the trial field of Faculty of Agriculture in Ordu University in 2018-2019. In the study, plant height, fresh herb yield, drug herba yield, fresh leaf yield and drug leaf yield, essential oil rate and essential oil yield were investigated. In both trial years, the plantings of April 15 and May 1 generally came to the forefront in terms of the characters examined in all species. Looking at the species, Mentha longifolia took first place in essential oil ratio in both years, Mentha x piperita in all the features examined except for plant height, in the first year, and Mentha spicata in all characters, in the second year.
Chauhan, R.K., M. Anwar, S. Chand and D. D. Patra. 2012. Influence of different dates of planting on growth, herb, oil yield and quality of essential oil of menthol mint (Mentha arvensis) in the North Indian Plain. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 58: 223–232.
Desai, S., T. N. Pushpa, D. Srikantaprasad, V. Kantharaju, I. B. Biradar and J. S. Hiremath. 2019. Influence of different planting dates on growth, yield and quality of Menthol Mint (Mentha arvensis L.) cultivars during Kharif Season. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 8: 468-478.
Edris, A. E., A. S. Shalaby, H. M. Fadel and M. A. Abdel-Wahab. 2003. Evaluation of a chemotype of spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) grown in Siwa Oasis, Egypt. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 218: 74–78.
Essawi, T. and M. Srour. 2000. Screening of some Palestinian medicinal plants for antibacterial activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 70: 343-349.
Gulluce, M., F. Sahin, M. Sokmen, H. Ozer, D. Daferera, A. Sokmen, M. Polissiou, A. Adiguzel and H. Ozkan. 2007. Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of the essential oil and methanol extract from Mentha longifolia L. ssp. longifola. Food Chemistry. 103: 1449–1456.
Iscan, G., N. Kirimer, M. Kurkcuoglu, K. H. C. Baser and F. Demirci. 2002. Antimicrobial screening of Mentha piperita essential oils. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50: 3943–3946.
Khichar, M. I. and R. Niwas. 2006. Microclimatic profiles under different sowing environments in wheat. Journal of Agrometeorology. 8: 201-209.
Krishna, M., S. T. Pandey, A. Kumar and V. C. Dhyani. 2014. Effect of date of nursery sowing and planting geometry on growth and dried herb yield of kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata). International Journal Basic and Applied Agricultural Research. 12: 1-4.
Kofidis, G., A. Bosabalidis and S. Kokkini. 2004. Seasonal variation of essential oils in a linalool rich chemotype of Mentha spicata grown wild in Greece. J. Essent. Oil Res. 16: 469-472.
Mohammad, R., S. Hamid, A. Adam, K. Norbet and V. D. Patrick. 2010. Effect of planting date and seedling age on agro- morphological characteristics, essential oil content and composition of German chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) grown in Belgium. Industrial Crops and Products. 31: 145-152.
Moreno, L., R. Bello, E. Primo-Yufera and J. Esplugues. 2002. Pharmacological properties of the methanol extract from Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. Phytother. Res. 16: 10–13.
Anil Kumar Singh, N., S. Singh, S. P. Gangwar, M. Singh, R. Singh and A. Yadav. 2015. Effect of weather conditions on growth, yield and quality of Menthol mint (Mentha arvensis L.) cultivars transplanted in different years on different dates under sub-tropical climate of North India. IJAAR. 6: 82-88.
Prakash Rao, E. V. S., K. Puttanna and S. Ramesh. 2000. Effect of nitrogen and harvest stage on the yield and quality of Tagetes minuta in Tropical India. Journal of Herbs Spices & Medicinal Plants. 7: 19–23.
Ramesh, K. and V. Singh. 2008. Effect of planting date on growth, development, aerial biomass partitioning and essential oil productivity of wild marigold (Tagetes minuta) in mid hills of Indian Western Himalaya. Industrial Crop Products. 27: 380–384.
Rashed Nahed, M. 2012. Cultivation of Melissa officinalis L ın the North Middle Nile Delta Region: A. effect of planting and harvesting dates. J. Plant Production, Mansoura Univ. 3: 2747 – 2759.
Sharma, S. 2012. Effect of dates of transplanting on the growth and oil yield of Mentha arvensis L. Scholarly Journal of Agri Sci. 2: 130-132.
Singh, M., V. P. Singh, S. Singh and P. Saini. 2003. Optimum planting time and row spacing for bergamot mint (Mentha citrata Ehrh.) var. 'Kiran' under subtropical plains of central Uttar Pradesh. Spices Aromat. Crops. 12: 135-138.
Soltanbeigi, A., M. Ozgüven and M. B. Hassanpouraghdam. 2021. Planting-date and cutting-time affect the growth and essential oil composition of Mentha × piperita and Mentha arvensis. Industrial Crops & Products. 170: 113790.