Effect of coagulating enzymes and types of milk on the physico-chemical, proximate composition and sensory attributes of iron fortified Mozzarella cheese

  • Masuk Raquib Department of Livestock Products Technology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati- 781022, India.
  • Trishna Borpuzar Department of Livestock Products Technology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati- 781022, I
  • Mineswar Hazarika Department of Livestock Products Technology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati, India; 2 Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati, India;
  • Saurabh Kumar Laskar r, Department of Livestock Products Technology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati- 781022, India.
  • Girindra Kumar Saikia 2 Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati, India
  • Razibuddin Ahmed Hazarika Department of Livestock Products Technology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati- 781022, I

Abstract

Mozzarella cheese is an extremely versatile product that has been widely used by the food sector as an essential ingredient in pizza,
cheeseburger, cheese-based salads, etc. The main aim of the present investigation is to study the effect of coagulating enzymes and
types of milk on the physico-chemical, proximate composition and sensory attributes of iron fortified mozzarella cheese. Iron-fortified
mozzarella cheese was prepared using chymosin (control group) and kiwifruit crude extract (treatment group) from three different types of
milk (cow milk 100%, goat milk 100%, and cow: goat milk 50:50 ratio). SDS-PAGE of kiwifruit crude extract exhibited protein bands at
24.5 kDa, 20.3 kDa, and 18.8 kDa. The milk clotting time of kiwifruit crude extract exhibited a shorter coagulation time in the presence
of CaCl2. Highly significant (p<0.01) difference between enzymes, types of milk, and the interaction effect between enzymes and types
of milk were noted for pH. Similarly, a highly significant difference (p<0.01) was observed between types of milk and interaction effect
between enzymes and types of milk while a significant difference (p<0.05) was observed between enzymes for titratable acidity. The
highest moisture and fat content were noted in the control group for goat and mixed milk cheese while fat, ash, and TS were comparably
higher in the treatment group in mixed and goat milk cheese samples. The sensory score of mixed milk cheese enjoyed the maximum
ratings by the taste panel members. Based on the findings, the present study suggests that mixed milk iron fortified mozzarella cheese
(treatment group) was adjudged the best product compared to cow milk or goat milk mozzarella cheese

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How to Cite
Raquib, M., T. Borpuzar, M. Hazarika, S. Kumar Laskar, G. K. Saikia, and R. Ahmed Hazarika. “Effect of Coagulating Enzymes and Types of Milk on the Physico-Chemical, Proximate Composition and Sensory Attributes of Iron Fortified Mozzarella Cheese”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 34, no. 3, Apr. 2022, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2022.v34.i3.2839. Accessed 23 May 2022.
Section
Research Article