Characterization of metabolic responses to salt stress in soybean seedling using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

  • Xuyuan Duan College of Life Sciences, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116081, China
  • Tong Pan College of Life Sciences, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116081, China,
  • Yunhong Pu College of Life Sciences, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116081, China
  • Xueting Hou College of Life Sciences, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116081, China
  • Xiaoxue Lei College of Life Sciences, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116081, China
  • Meng Gou Lamprey Research Center, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116081, China

Abstract

Soil salinity is a critical obstacle in modern agriculture which devastates crop growth. Many plants have developed different strategies to
sense, transduce, and develop tolerance to salinity. Plant adaptation to salinity stress includes complicated metabolic pathways, genes
and molecular networks. Here, we used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to understand the metabolic responses of
soybean seedlings upon various levels of salt stress treatments. To this end, one salt tolerant and one salt sensitive soybean cultivar,
namely Dongnong 69 and Dongnong 63 were used in this study. A total of 10 metabolites, including sugars, amino acids and organic
acid, were identified as differential biomarkers. Our results indicated that these biomarkers were closely related to salinity tolerance
in soybean seedlings. In particular, three metabolites, namely isoleucine, serine and aspartic acid, were found respond significantly
differently between the different soybean cultivars. These three metabolites can be therefore served as potential biomarkers to screen
for salt tolerant soybean cultivars. Overall, results of this study help to improve our knowledge with respect to plant salt tolerance in
general, and soybean in particular

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How to Cite
Duan, X., T. Pan, Y. Pu, X. Hou, X. Lei, and M. Gou. “Characterization of Metabolic Responses to Salt Stress in Soybean Seedling Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 34, no. 8, Oct. 2022, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2022.v34.i8.2909. Accessed 7 Feb. 2023.
Section
Research Article