Seed priming alleviates salt stress in two fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum l.) Cultivars

  • Sajjad Hussain Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Hafiza Muzzamil Asif Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Shakeel Ahmad Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Arif Ali Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Shaghef Ejaz Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Tahira Abbas College of Agriculture, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Bahadur Sub-Campus, Layyah, Pakistan
  • Sakeena Tul-Ain Haider Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Sezai Ercisli Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture Ataturk University 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
  • Talaat Ahmed Environmental Science Center, Qatar University, 2713, Doha, Qatar
  • Muhammad Sohail Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Fasih Khalid Environmental Science Center, Qatar University, 2713, Doha, Qatar

Abstract

Salinity is globally considered a widespread problem of the irrigated soils in arid and semi-arid areas. To minimize the negative effect
of salinity seed priming technique is proved as a useful by improve germination and seedling growth. Therefore, the current study was
conducted to evaluate the effect of different priming techniques on fenugreek under saline conditions. The priming treatments were
potassium nitrate (KNO3), polyethylene glycol (PEG), gibberellic acid (GA), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), salicylic acid (SA) and distilled
water (D/W). Two fenugreek cultivars i.e. Kasuri methi and Local methi were evaluated under two salinity levels viz. 0 mM and 100
mM. In Kasuri methi (V1), priming with GA3 and PEG enhanced germination index (37.52%) and energy of emergence (98.33%) as
compared with other treatments. Final emergence percentage (100%) was increased in control plants of both cultivars when treated with
SA. Morphological characteristics such as number of leaves (57.50), number of branches (19.16), shoot length (18.03cm), root length
(8.98cm), plant fresh (2.34g) and dry biomass (1.21g) was increased in control plants of Kasuri methi (V1) when primed with SA. Leaf
chlorophyll “a” (1.06 mg/g) and chlorophyll “b” (1.30 mg/g) was significantly increased in control plants of Local methi (V2) primed with
SA. Antioxidant activity, antioxidant capacity and proline contents in leaves as well as in roots were also increased when treated with
SA under salt stress. It is concluded that seeds of Kasuri methi should be treated with SA in order to reduce the effect of salinity and
improve the germination, morphological and biochemical characteristics.

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How to Cite
Hussain, S., H. Muzzamil Asif, S. Ahmad, M. Ali, S. Ejaz, T. Abbas, S. Haider, S. Ercisli, T. Ahmed, M. Sohail, and M. Khalid. “Seed Priming Alleviates Salt Stress in Two Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum-Graecum L.) Cultivars”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 34, no. 8, Oct. 2022, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2022.v34.i8.2910. Accessed 8 Feb. 2023.
Section
Research Article