Ideal harvest stage and quality descriptors of 5 banana cultivars based on 5 fruit diameters

  • Ana Carolina Batista Bolfarini
  • Jackson Mirellys Azevêdo Souza
  • Marcelo de Souza Silva
  • Rafael Bibiano Ferreira Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Magali Leonel Tropical Root and Starches Center, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Marco Antonio Tecchio
  • Sarita Leonel Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil

Abstract

Quality attributes of fruits such as pH, titratable acidity, soluble solids, maturity indices, firmness, skin colour and sugar content should support choosing the choice of the most appropriate stage to harvest bananas. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the optimal harvest stage of different cultivars according to five fruit diameters. Through a randomized block design with 4 replicates, the following variables were evaluated such as pH, titratable acidity, soluble solids, maturity index, firmness, fruit peel colour and sugar content on the cultivars Prata-Anã, Maçã, FHIA 18, Grand Naine and Nanicão IAC 2001. Fruits from the second bunch of banana bundle were harvested when they reached the diameters of 32, 34, 36, 38 and 40 mm. Results showed that the harvest stages (i.e. banana fruit diameters) affect the fruit quality attributes among cultivars; thus, it is recommended to harvest the fruits of ‘FHIA 18’ with 34, 36 or 38 mm in diameters; Grand Naine with 38 or 40 mm; ‘Maçã’ and ‘Nanicão IAC 2001’ with 38 mm;  and ‘Prata-anã’ with 34 or 36 mm.

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How to Cite
Bolfarini, A. C. B., J. M. A. Souza, M. de S. Silva, R. B. Ferreira, M. Leonel, M. A. Tecchio, and S. Leonel. “Ideal Harvest Stage and Quality Descriptors of 5 Banana Cultivars Based on 5 Fruit Diameters”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 32, no. 3, Apr. 2020, pp. 220-8, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2020.v32.i3.2079. Accessed 25 June 2021.
Section
Research Article