EFFECTS OF THE SEED OF Phalaris canariensis AND THE CHANGE OF DIET ON SERUM LIPIDS IN RATS

  • Luis Ojeda Biomedical Research Institute "Dr. Francisco Javier Triana Alonso", Carabobo University (BIOMED-UC), Maracay-Venezuela; School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Carabobo University, Maracay-Venezuela.
  • Yuliana Da Ruiz Biomedical Research Institute "Dr. Francisco Javier Triana Alonso", Carabobo University (BIOMED-UC), Maracay-Venezuela
  • Franklin Martínez Biomedical Research Institute "Dr. Francisco Javier Triana Alonso", Carabobo University (BIOMED-UC), Maracay-Venezuela
  • Rafael Odreman Biomedical Research Institute "Dr. Francisco Javier Triana Alonso", Carabobo University (BIOMED-UC), Maracay-Venezuela
  • Juan Torri Biomedical Research Institute "Dr. Francisco Javier Triana Alonso", Carabobo University (BIOMED-UC), Maracay-Venezuela
  • Rodrigo Villegas Biomedical Research Institute "Dr. Francisco Javier Triana Alonso", Carabobo University (BIOMED-UC), Maracay-Venezuela
  • Luis Pérez Ybarra Biomedical Research Institute "Dr. Francisco Javier Triana Alonso", Carabobo University (BIOMED-UC), Maracay-Venezuela; School of Bioanalysis, Faculty of Health Sciences, Carabobo University, Maracay-Venezuela.
  • Nirza Noguera Machado Biomedical Research Institute "Dr. Francisco Javier Triana Alonso", Carabobo University (BIOMED-UC), Maracay-Venezuela;School of Bioanalysis, Faculty of Health Sciences, Carabobo University, Maracay-Venezuela.

Abstract

Canary seed is a grassy plant in the family of poaceae, which grains are used almost exclusively to feed birds. With limited information reported but proven bioactive potential, led to study how does the consumption of a canary seed infusion affected rats with a change in a diet on the lipid profile, in an experimental model. The animals were divided into two groups, the first group received a hypercaloric diet (60 days) and the second was maintained on a normocaloric diet. Afterwards the groups were subdivided, one group received a diet change from hypercaloric to normocaloric, the second continued to receive the hypercaloric diet and the third kept a normocaloric diet, half of each group ingested 25% Canary seed infusion and the rest water for 45 days. Triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL-c and LDL-c were determined. Results showed a statistically significant reduction of 30.08% in triglyceride values in the group with combination of Canary seed infusion with a dietary change, while in cholesterol metabolism there were no significant changes. Thus, the ability of canary seed infusion to reduce serum triglycerides when combined with a dietary change was confirmed.

References

Ahmad, M., Z. A., Gul-Zaffar, and M. Habib. 2014. A review on Oat (Avena sativa L.) as a dual-purpose crop. Scien. Res. Essa. 9:52-59.
Alarcón-Corredor, O.M., J. Villarroel, R. Alfonso. And C. Rondón. 2011. Manifestaciones clínicas y cambios en la química sérica y tisular en ratas tratadas con vitamina D3 (calciferol). Arch. Latinoam. Nutr. 61:1-7.
Ben Salah, H., M. Kchaou, R. B. Abdallah, R. Abdennabi, M. Ayedi, N. Gharsallah, and N. Allouche. 2017. Chemical composition, Characteristics profiles and bioactivities of tunisian Phalaris canariensis Seed: a potential source of ω-6 and ω-9 fatty acids. J. Food Nutr. Resc.5: 708-716.
Bhatt, T., M. Coombs and C. O´Neil. 2006. Biogenic silica fibre promotes carcinogenesis in mouse skin. Int. J. Cáncer. 34:519-528.
Boye, J. Achouri A, Raymond N. C Cleroux, D Weber, Koerner, TB. P. Hucl, and C.A. Patterson. 2013. Analysis of glabrous canary seeds by ELISA, mass spectrometry, and Western blotting for the absence of cross-reactivity with major plant food allergens. J. Agric. Food Chem. 61:6102-6112.
Bustos, P. 2003. Factores de riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular en adultos jóvenes. Rev. Méd. Chile.131: 973-98.
Cofan M. 2014. Mecanismos básicos. Absorción y excreción de colesterol y otros esteroles. Clin. Invest. Arterioscl. 26:41-47.
Cogliatti, M. 2012. Canaryseed Crop . Scientia Agropecuaria. 3:75-88.
Deckelbaum R.J., T.S. Worgall and T. Seo. 2006. ω-3 Fatty acids and gene expression. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 83:1520S–1525.
Dicovsky L.,M, and Meza L.,E. 2020. Alpiste, Phalaris canariensis, su uso para consumo humano. EL HIGO, Rev Cin y Tec. 20:1-11.
El Sayed, M., J. Abdel Aal, P. Hucl, and F. Sosulski. 1997. Structural and Compositional Characteristics of Canaryseed (Phalaris canariensis L.). J. Agric. Food Chem. 45: 3049–3055.
Estrada, P.A., G.M. Montero, P. P. Martínez, C. González and A. P. Barba. 2013. Characterization of Antidiabetic and Antihypertensive Properties of Canary Seed (Phalaris canariensis L.) Peptides. J. Agric. Food Chem. 62:427–433.
Jump, D.B., D. Botolin, Y. Wang, J. Xu, B. Christian and O. Demeure. 2005. Fatty acid regulation of hepatic gene transcription. J. Nutr. 135:2503–2506.
Madrigales, D. and R. Pérez. 2015. Evaluation of Anti-Inflammatory activity of sedes of Phalaris canariensis. Drug Res (Stuttg). 66:23-27.
Magnuson, B., C. Patterson, P. Hucl, R. Newkirk, J. Ram, and H. Classen. 2014. Safety assessment of consumption of glabrous canary seed (Phalaris canariensis L.) in rats. Food Chem. Toxicol. 63:91-103.
Novas, M. J., A. M. Jiménez, and A. G. Asuero. 2004. Determination of antioxidant activity of canary seed infusions by chemiluminescence. J. Anal. Chem. 59:75–76.
Ojeda, L., N. Noguera-Machado, M. Claramonte, L. Pérez-Ybarra, D. Hernández, B. Igmar, M. González, and G. Hernández. 2016. Efecto de l-carnitina sobre el peso, niveles de triglicéridos y colesterol de ratones sometidos a dietas normo e hipercalóricas. SABER. 28: 744-749.
Ojeda, L., N., Noguera Machado, and H. Herrera. 2017. La Linaza (Linum usitatissimum L.) y su papel nutraceútico. SABER. 29:712-722.
Park, Y., and W.S. Harris. 2003. ω-3 fatty acid supplementation accelerates chylomicron triglyceride clearance. J. Lipid. Res. 44:455-63.
Parodi, L. R. 1987. Enciclopedia Argentina de Agricultura y Jardinería: ACME S.A.C.I. Buenos Aires.
Pérez, R, D. Madrigales, M. Horcacitas, E. García, T. Cruz, and J. Mota. 2014. Ameliorative effect of extract of Phalaris canariensis on high fat diet-induced obese and streptozotocin induced dianetic mice. Evid. Based Complement. Alternat. Med. 1:1-13.
Peña C. L.; Cárdenas R. Á. and García O. 2019. Análisis bromatológico de la leche a partir de la semilla de alpiste (Phalaris canarienses): cereal empleado como sustituto dietético. Bistua: Rev Fac Cien Bás. 17:65-75

Pérez, R. and D. Madrigales. 2015. Investigating Antioxidant Properties of the Diterpenes from seeds of Phalaris canariensis. J. Nutr. Food Sci.1:1-5.
Ponnusha B.S., S. Subramaniyam, P. Pasupathi, B. Subramaniyam, and R.Virumandy. 2011. Antioxidant and Antimicrobial properties of Glycine Max-A review. Int. J. Cur. Bio. Med. Sci.1: 49–62.
Reinoso, S. 2012. Evaluación de la actividad hipolipemiante del extracto acuoso de semillas de alpiste (Phalaris canariensis) en ratones (Mus musculus) con hiperglicemia inducida. Tesis Bioquímico Farmacéutico. Escuela Superior Politécnica de Riobamba Ecuador.
Rodríguez, I.V. and Del Aguila J.A.. 2015. Actividad hipolipemiante del extracto acuoso de semillas de Phalaris canariensis “Alpiste”, en ratas albinas Holtzmann – Iquitos. Tesis: Químico Farmacéutico. Universidad Nacional de la Amazonia Peruana. Peru.
Urbizo-Reyes U. C., Aguilar-Toalá J. E. and A. M. Liceaga. 2021. Hairless canary seeds (Phalaris canariensis L.) as a potential source of antioxidant, antihypertensive, antidiabetic, and antiobesity biopeptides. Food Prod Proces Nutr. 3:1-12.
Valverde, M.E., Orona-Tamayo, D., Nieto-Rendón, B. et al. . 2017. Antioxidant and Antihypertensive Potential of Protein Fractions from Flour and Milk Substitutes from Canary Seeds (Phalaris canariensis L.). Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 72, 20–25.
Statistics
109 Views | 131 Downloads
How to Cite
Ojeda, L., Y. D. Ruiz, F. Martínez, R. Odreman, J. Torri, R. Villegas, L. P. Ybarra, and N. N. Machado. “EFFECTS OF THE SEED OF Phalaris Canariensis AND THE CHANGE OF DIET ON SERUM LIPIDS IN RATS”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 33, no. 4, May 2021, pp. 287-92, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2021.v33.i4.2685. Accessed 28 July 2021.
Section
Research Article