Climate Risks, Farmers Perception and Adaptation Strategies to Climate Variability in Afghanistan

  • Meraj Sarwary bDepartment of Agricultural Economics & Extension, Nangarhar University, Nangarhar, Afghanistan.
  • Samiappan Senthilnathan aDepartment of Agricultural Economics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Venkatachalam Saravanakumar aDepartment of Agricultural Economics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Tamilarasu Arivelarasan cDepartment of Social Sciences, Kumaraguru Institute of Agriculture, Erode-638315, Tamil Nadu, India
  • V.S. Manivasagam dAmrita School of Agricultural Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore 642 109, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract

This study examined the farmers’ perception, adaptation measures and coping strategies to mitigate climate extremes in Afghanistan using parametric and non-parametric methods. We selected the central agro-climatic zone to conduct farm household’s survey since it has significant climate variability in terms of maximum, minimum temperature and rainfall. Results show that majority of the farmers (>80%) perceived a “high to a very high” degree of climate induced impact on loss of employment, labor scarcity, pest and disease outbreak and decline in groundwater level. The important climate adaptation and coping strategies viz., changing cropping patterns, drilling new bore wells and farm diversification were extensively practiced by the farmers. In the policy side, establishing automatic weather stations, agro advisory services, weather-based crop insurance and climate-smart agricultural practices are the potential policy options to protect farm households from climate extremes.

Author Biographies

Meraj Sarwary, bDepartment of Agricultural Economics & Extension, Nangarhar University, Nangarhar, Afghanistan.

Department of Agricultural Economics & Extension, Nangarhar University, Nangarhar, Afghanistan.

Samiappan Senthilnathan, aDepartment of Agricultural Economics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, Tamil Nadu, India

Department of Agricultural Economics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, Tamil Nadu, India

Venkatachalam Saravanakumar, aDepartment of Agricultural Economics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, Tamil Nadu, India

Department of Agricultural Economics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, Tamil Nadu, India

Tamilarasu Arivelarasan, cDepartment of Social Sciences, Kumaraguru Institute of Agriculture, Erode-638315, Tamil Nadu, India

Department of Social Sciences, Kumaraguru Institute of Agriculture, Erode-638315, Tamil Nadu, India

V.S. Manivasagam, dAmrita School of Agricultural Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore 642 109, Tamil Nadu, India

Amrita School of Agricultural Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore 642 109, Tamil Nadu, India

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How to Cite
Sarwary, M., S. Senthilnathan, V. Saravanakumar, T. Arivelarasan, and V. Manivasagam. “Climate Risks, Farmers Perception and Adaptation Strategies to Climate Variability in Afghanistan”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 33, no. 12, Feb. 2022, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2021.v33.i12.2797. Accessed 30 June 2022.
Section
Research Article