Ultrasonic extraction increases the extraction of antioxidant and citrulline in damaged watermelons in the Comarca Lagunera, México

  • Victoria Jared Borroel García Universidad Politécnica de Gómez Palacio. Carretera El Vergel - La Torreña, Km 0+820. El Vergel, CP 35120. Gómez Palacio, Dgo
  • Raúl Antonio Alvarado Arroyo Universidad Politécnica de Gómez Palacio. Carretera El Vergel - La Torreña, Km 0+820. El Vergel, CP 35120. Gómez Palacio, Dgo
  • María del Rosario Moncayo Luján Universidad Politécnica de Gómez Palacio. Carretera El Vergel - La Torreña, Km 0+820. El Vergel, CP 35120. Gómez Palacio, Dgo
  • Tania Breshkovskaya Ortiz Escobar Universidad Politécnica de Gómez Palacio. Carretera El Vergel - La Torreña, Km 0+820. El Vergel, CP 35120. Gómez Palacio, Dgo
  • Tania Lizzeth Guzmán Silos 1 Universidad Politécnica de Gómez Palacio. Carretera El Vergel - La Torreña, Km 0+820. El Vergel, CP 35120. Gómez Palacio, Dgo
  • José Luis García Hernández Facultad de Agricultura y Zootecnia de la Universidad Juarez del estado de Durango. Venecia, Ej. El Compás, CP 34000, Gómez Palacio Dg
  • Mercedes Georgina Ramírez Aragón Universidad Politécnica de Gómez Palacio. Carretera El Vergel - La Torreña, Km 0+820. El Vergel, CP 35120. Gómez Palacio, Dgo

Abstract

n this study, the content of lycopene, total phenolics, total flavonoids, antioxidant activity and citrulline in watermelon from different
localities of the Comarca Lagunera were determined. In the Comarca Lagunera, watermelon is the second most important crop, representing
9% of the cultivated area at the national level, with a production value of $9,000,000. Watermelon is known to contain high contents
of flavonoids and phenolic compounds, which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties; these compounds include metabolites
such as lycopene and citrulline. The determination of these components may vary according to the method of cultivation, fertilization,
irrigation, and location, as well as the extraction method used. A completely randomized experimental design was used, analyzing three
repetitions for each sample obtained. The data obtained in the present study varied according to the method of extraction, for lycopene
(41.22 - 8.48 mg g-1 FW), citrulline (161.44 - 71.11 mg g-1 FW), flavonoids (5.05 - 0.17 mg g-1 FW) and phenolics (10.3 - 0.89 mg g-1 FW).
The results indicated that there were no significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) for the effect of the variables degree of damage and locality,
but there were significant differences for the extraction methods. Therefore, the ultrasound extraction method could be an alternative for
the industry due to the increase of active biocompounds that can be obtained, reducing the time of obtaining, the low process costs and
the contribution to a sustainable development

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How to Cite
Jared Borroel García, V., R. Antonio Alvarado Arroyo, M. del R. Moncayo Luján, T. B. Ortiz Escobar, T. Lizzeth Guzmán Silos, J. L. García Hernández, and M. G. Ramírez Aragón. “Ultrasonic Extraction Increases the Extraction of Antioxidant and Citrulline in Damaged Watermelons in the Comarca Lagunera, México”. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 34, no. 2, Mar. 2022, doi:https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2022.v34.i2.2826. Accessed 25 June 2022.
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Research Article